Study Days on
CRSTRA, Oued Righ Station Touggourt
December 13th & 14th, 2023
The event will be Hybrid and completely free
These study days are organized on the occasion of the World Soil Day (WSD) which coincides on December 5th each year. This year, 2023, the theme of the WSD is “Soil and water, a source of life”. The study days on Sustain Soil & Water Resources: a Key for Our Life (SSWR_2023), 13th & 14th Dec, 2023, are for researchers, developers, professionals, policy makers and students. During the event, participants have the opportunity to present the results of various soil-water science research conducted in various sectors.
The aims of this event are to contribute to the restoration, management and maintenance of soil and water resources, ecosystem sustainability, and sustainable agriculture.
This event will also be a forum for discussion to promote the several functionality of soil and water among all society in order to raise their awareness of the importance of sustainable management of soil and water resources for agricultural and land-use planning issues and safeguarding our life.
Soil and water are two of the most critical natural resources on earth. Both are essential for life and play a vital role in maintaining a healthy and sustainable environment. Soil is the foundation for plant growth and plays a vital role in the production of food, fiber, and fuel. It also has a critical role in regulating the earth's climate by storing and cycling carbon, which helps to mitigate climate change.
Additionally, soil provides a habitat for a diverse range of living organisms, which are essential for maintaining healthy soil ecosystems. on the other hand, Water is necessary for all forms of Life and is essential for agriculture, industry, and domestic use. In addition, water is a fundamental component of the earth's climate system and plays a crucial role in regulating the temperature and weather patterns of our planet.
water or water in the soil is a vital part of ecosystems. It is the largest water ‘reservoir’ in the terrestrial system, globally two thirds of all fresh water is held in soil, also called green water, is accessible to plants; only one-tenth of fresh water is blue water, which includes stream flow and groundwater that can be abstracted for general use. Soil water is a crucial nutrient to plants and is also acts as a media for transporting nutrients for their growth; it also plays a key role in soil forming process, weathering of rocks and process of photosynthesis. It controls the exchange of heat and water energy between the atmosphere and the land surface.
Unfortunately, both Soil and Water are under threat from a variety of human activities. Some of the most significant threats to soil include erosion, overuse, deforestation, and pollution. Erosion is caused by the loss of topsoil due to wind and water, and it is estimated that nearly 24 billion tons of fertile soil are lost every year due to erosion. Overuse of soil is also a significant problem, particularly in areas with intensive agriculture. It can principal to soil compaction, nutrient depletion, and reduced fertility. Deforestation can lead to soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and reduced carbon storage. Pollution is also a significant threat to soil, particularly in urban and industrial areas.
Polluted soil can reduce crop yields, contamination of food and water, and adverse health effects for on humans and animals. Water is also under threat from a variety of human activities. Water scarcity is one of the most significant threats, particularly in areas with high population densities and limited water resources. Climate change is also exacerbating water scarcity by altering rainfall patterns and increasing evaporation rates. Overuse of water resources is another significant problem, particularly in areas with intensive agriculture and industry.
Overuse can lead to depletion of aquifers, reduced water quality, and increased competition for limited water resources. Pollution is a significant threat to water resources, particularly in urban and industrial areas. Inappropriate industrial and agricultural practices can release chemicals and pollutants into rivers, lakes and other water bodies, contaminating drinking water sources and harming aquatic ecosystems.
Protecting, preserving and sustainability of these resources is critical for ensuring that we can continue to sustainably produce food and fuel, as well as maintain healthy ecosystems and promote public health. By promoting sustainable land use practices, water conservation, pollution control measures, and education and awareness, we can collaborate and work together to protect soil and water resources for our life and future generations.
CRSTRA, Campus Universitaire, Université Mohamed Khider, Biskra
033.52.25.41 | 033.52.20.92